On March 3, 2019, the Canadian federal, provincial and territorial governments (other than Ontario and Saskatchewan) collectively unveiled the Canadian Minerals and Metals Plan (the “CMMP”), a forward-looking and generational strategic initiative for the Canadian mining industry intended to “support industry competitiveness, solidify Canada’s position as a global mining leader and to lay the foundation for lasting success at home and abroad.”1
The CMMP was authored jointly by mining ministers across the country. The project involved discussions with a diverse group of stakeholders with the benefit of input from and engagement with Indigenous Peoples, the private sector, local governments, non-governmental organizations (including environmental and labour organizations) and various other stakeholders and partners of the Canadian mining industry. The CMMP recognizes that responsibility over resource ownership and management in Canada, as well as the regulation of mining activities that fall under the jurisdiction of provinces and territories. The CMMP is not intended to “supplant” these efforts; instead, the CMMP is intended to create synergies and support existing provincial and territorial objectives to address systematic challenges and realize on opportunities existing in the Canadian mining industry.
The CMMP envisions Canada as the “leading mining nation” in the world, which is home to a “competitive, sustainable and responsible mining industry that benefits all Canadians”.2 As part of this vision, the CMMP sees Canada being a global leader in various aspects with a focus on outlining opportunities for growth and development.
To support the achievement of its visionary goals, the CMMP establishes six strategic directions. The following table provides a summary of each of the six strategic directions, the intended end-result and the areas of action identified in the CMMP to support the strategic direction:
Areas of Action
Economic Development and Competitiveness
The CMMP aims for Canada to become the world’s most competitive and attractive jurisdiction for investment capital in the minerals and mining sector
Advancing the Participation of Indigenous Peoples
The CMMP strives to increase economic opportunities for Indigenous Peoples and to support the reconciliation process
The CMMP envisions Canada being a leader in building public trust, developing low-footprint mines and mine closure management
Science, Technology and Innovation
Canada’s mining industry is supported by world-leading science and technology that impacts all stages of the mineral development cycle
Canadian communities welcome sustainable mineral development activities and the resulting positive impacts
The CMMP hopes to achieve a “sharpened competitive edge” for Canada and enhancing Canada’s position as a global leader
It is anticipated that the first in a series of “Action Plans” to operationalize and support the CMMP will be released by the Canadian government in 2020, which will include “near-term actions supported by current data, rigorous research and analysis and input from stakeholders and partners”.3
One point of note with respect to the CMMP is that, as of the date of this publication, the provinces of Ontario and Saskatchewan have declined to endorse the plan, citing that the plan inadequately addresses certain challenges faced by the Canadian mining industry, including increasing energy costs, barriers to international trade, the federal cap-and-trade carbon tax and the federal government’s bill (Bill C-69) to overhaul environmental assessments of large resource projects.
Please contact Eric Lung to discuss how the CMMP could affect your business.
1 Page 45 of the CMMP (Appendix B)
2 Page 4 of the CMMP
3 Page 6 of the CMMP.